Basil oil (Ocimum basilicum)
Basil essential oil is extracted by steam distillation from the leaves of the plant.
The plant belongs to the Labiatae family and originates from tropical Asia, although it is now cultivated all over Europe and the USA.
The leaves are green and the flowers can be pink or white, depending on the species of the plant.
Basil is used in cooking in pasta sauces, soups, stuffing, and raw in salads.
Whole plants are cut as flowering begins and distilled for o